ICT in India Biotechnology in India R&D Globalization in India Indian Participation in FP7 Call 1, 2 and 3 News Events Did You Know?
Issue #5
ICT in India – Continues to be a sunshine sector of Indian Economy

The Indian information and communication technology industry has played a key role in putting India on the global map. Thanks to the success of the ICT industry, India is now a power to reckon with. According to the National Association of Software and Service Companies (NASSCOM), the apex body for software services in India, the revenue of the information technology sector has grown from 1.2 per cent of the gross domestic product (GDP) in FY 1997-98 to an estimated 5.5 per cent in FY 2007-08. The total IT Software and Services employment is expected to reach the 2- million mark in 2007-08 (excluding employment in the hardware sector), as against 1.63 million in 2006-07, a growth of 22.7 per cent year-on-year.


Some chief Facts of Indian ICT industry

  • Global as well as domestic ICT companies like IBM, Accenture, HP, TCS, HCL and Wipro have witnessed a remarkable growth in their business.
  • According to NASSCOM, the Indian IT-BPO sector is aiming to reach a target of US$ 60 billion in exports and US$ 73 billion-75 billion in overall software and services revenues by 2010.  
  • With small and mid-sized businesses, in the domestic market are driven by the increased use of technology India's information and communication technology market is estimated to grow 20.3 per cent annually to reach US$ 24.3 billion by 2011.
  • The Indian animation industry is expected to touch US$ 950 million by 2011, as global players like Walt Disney, IMAX, and Warner Bros tie up with Indian animation companies. 
  • India's ICT industry is expected to reach a size of US$ 97.33 billion by 2012, with a growth rate of over 26 per cent.
Indian Biotechnology Industry – Thriving industry in India

The Indian biotechnology sector is one of the fastest growing knowledge-based sectors in India and is expected to play a key role in shaping India's rapidly developing economy. Currently, India holds two per cent share of global market. With numerous comparative advantages in terms of R&D facilities, knowledge, skills, and cost effectiveness, the biotechnology industry in India has immense potential to emerge as a global key player. The Indian biotech market was estimated at US$ 2.80 billion in 2007–08 and is likely grow at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 30 per cent.  According to a report by the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) and consultancy firm KPMG, the Indian biotechnology sector is likely to become a US$ 5 billion industry by 2010.


Biotech Hubs

India finds a place amongst the top 10 biotech hubs in the world and is one of the five promising biotech markets in the Asia-Pacific region. Being home to 200 diverse companies, the biotech cluster in Bangalore alone leads the set, whereas other cities like Hyderabad, Chennai, Pune and Mumbai also have come up as preferred destinations to set up a biotech facility.


Recent Achievements

Some of developments in the recent times bear testimony to the robust growth momentum in Indian biotech industry:

  • Biotechnology major Biocon has bagged the 2009 BioSingapore Asia Pacific Biotechnology Award. Biocon was adjusted the 'Best Listed Company' based on significant market capital, sound business model and excellent management team.
  • Indian scientists led by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) have discovered three new species of bacteria in the upper stratosphere that they claim to be not found on the earth.
  • Syngene International, a subsidiary of Biocon Group, announced that it will offer fully integrated drug discovery services by partnering with Sapient Discovery, a US based Biotechnology Company.
  • TCG Life sciences Ltd has been conferred with 'Excellence Award'

Source: IBEF

ICT- R&D Globalization in India – Offshoring Scenario in India

ICT R&D offshoring in India started way back in the 1980s and has evolved rapidly over the last 2 decades. Bangalore has emerged as the leader for ICT R&D offshoring. India hosts the largest ICT R&D talent pool across the globe. 780 MNC R&D centers are currently being run in India; 281 of the global 1,000 mega R&D spenders have centers in India. The year 2008-09 has witnessed shift in key focus areas of companies doing ICT R&D related work in India. Growth in software product startup activity over the last three years has helped strengthen the ICT R&D ecosystem in India.


Indian ICT R&D off-shoring industry can be sliced into three categories:

Software Product Development – Software development is the translation of a user need or a product idea into an operational computer based software. The product development lifecycle includes conceptualization, requirement specification, system analysis and design, product development, testing and maintenance. It encompasses skill sets in Application Development, Systems Programming, Web Technology Programming, Network Programming, Database Programming, User Interface design, Product Planning, Program Management, Manual Testing, Automation Testing, and SCM etc.
Embedded system – An embedded system is an electronic system designed to perform pre-designated functions in a machine. It is used like an embedded device/chip in an end-product coupled with other mechanical software parts. Its acts as interface between hardware and software of an electronic system by providing a means to give instructions to hardware of the system. It includes skills in embedded programming, hardware designing, manual and automation testing. It also includes developing firmware which is designed to be augmented into an end-user product like mobile phone, automotive system, aviation systems etc.
Engineering Services – It includes development of software catering to engineering requirements of various industries like mechanical, automotive, aerospace etc. Engineering services R&D includes stages of product lifecycle—Product Design & Development, Design Support, Engineering Analysis & Modeling, Prototype Build, Testing, Verification, Validation, Manufacturing Engineering Support, Knowledge based Engineering, Technical Publishing and other product support activities, PLM (Product Lifecycle Management) etc. It needs a diverse set of skills across mechanical engineering, computer software hardware engineering and electrical engineering.

The figure below depicts locational distribution of third party ICT R&D centres in the Indian major cities taking into consideration 3 major categories:

distribution of third party ICT R&D centres in the Indian major cities

Source: Zinnov

Indian Participation in FP7 Call 1, 2 and 3

The European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme has witnessed the participation of Indian research institutions and organizations in nearly 45 -50 projects across the various thematic areas of ‘Specific Programme’ (Cooperation, Ideas, People and Capacities) namely:

  • Energy
  • Environment
  • Health
  • Information and Communication Technologies
  • Ideas
  • International Cooperation
  • KBBE
  • NMP
  • Research Infrastructures
  • Security
  • Science in Society
  • SME
  • Space
  • SSH
  • Transport


Some of the Indian organisations participating are as follows:

Banaras Hindu University

Centre for Development for Advanced Computing (CDAC)

Centre for the Study of Developing Societies

Centre for World Solidarity -CWS

Christian Medical College Vellore

Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR)


Federation of Indian Chambers Of Commerce and Industry (FICCI)

GS1, New Delhi

Hewlett Packard (India)  

Indian Institute of Science (IISc)

Indian Council of Medical Research

Indian Institute of Management Bangalore

Indian Institute of Technology Bombay

Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research

Institute of Molecular Medicine

International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology

International Food Policy Research Organisation

Interactive Technology, Software and Media Association (ITSMA)

IT for Change, Bangalore

Jawaharlal Nehru University

Ministry Of Science and Technology

Ministry Of Water Resources

National Institute Of Oceanography

National Institute Of Pharmaceutical Education and Research

Resource Management Group (RMG)

Seascape Learning Co Private Ltd

Sify Technologies Limited

Sri Venkateswara Institute Of Medical Sciences University

Tata Institute of Fundamental Research*TIFR

The Centre for Science and Environment

The Energy and Resources Institute

University Of Delhi

Variable Energy Cyclotron Center

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Did You Know
Indo-French Centre for the Promotion of Advanced Research (IFCPAR)

IFCPAR is a single window programme in the service of scientific cooperation between India and France, a bilateral programme of scientific cooperation between India and France under the Department of Science and Technology, Government of India and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Government of France to promote collaborative research in frontier areas of Science & Technology between the scientists of the two countries.

Indo-Italian Executive Programme of Scientific and Technological Co-Operation for the Years 2008-2010

Indo-Italian Executive Programme of Scientific and Technological Co-operation for the years 2008-2010 wherein call for proposals for researchers of both the countries are invited to participate with the aim of encouraging scientific and technological co-operation between Italy and India. Joint Research Projects between both the countries may be submitted in the following priority research areas: Electronics, Telecommunications & Computer Sciences, Health, Food and Biotechnology, Design Engineering & Technology,       Materials Science & Technology, Physics, Technology & Application of Accelerated Particles, Transport Systems including Automotive Technologies, Energy & Environment, and Cultural Heritage Conservation & Restoration Technologies.

Indo-Portuguese Programme of Cooperation in Science & Technology

The Indo-Portuguese Programme of Cooperation in Science and Technology facilitates bilateral cooperation between scientists/researches of the two countries by way of exploratory visits, joint R&D projects, and joint seminars/workshops. This programme is open to scientists, engineers, institutions engaged in advanced research in the areas like Ocean Science & Technology, Computer Software and Applicant ions, Cellular and Molecular Biology, biotechnology, Materials Science including Nano Technology, Health Sciences, Agricultural Sciences, Chemical Sciences, Engineering Sciences, Energy, Ecology and Environment.

GET support !!!!
a) Network of National Contact Points (NCPs)
NCP in India operates through Indian Research Support Network which has been nominated for ICT thematic area by Department of Information Technology (DIT). It is composed of 3 main organisations namely:
National Contact Points are the main structure to provide guidance, practical information and assistance on all aspects of participation in Seventh framework programme.
It is supported by Euro India Research centre (EIRC) in all activities to enhance collaborative research between European and Indian organisations
b) EIRC services
The following are the services offered by EIRC:
  • Introduction into Frame work Programme
  • Roadmapping: Charting organizational competencies against FP priorities
  • Benchmarking of project ideas against relevant past and current frontier research
  • Conducting training and workshops
  • External assistance to proposal writing
  • Project partner search
  • Consulting on the programme
  • Networking
  • Project management.
Click here for more information on EIRC services.
To keep you informed on the facilitation between Indian and EU organistaions to conduct Joint R&D in ICT sector visit EIRC website (www.euroindiaresearch.org).

http://www.delind.ec.europa.eu/ Euro-India Research Centre is supported by the European Commission under the FP6 IST Programme under the IST Project India Mentor (045535)
Copyright Euro India Research Centre 2006


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